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Frank J. Dugan Elementary School Home of the Dragons!

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Literacy & Written Expression

Golden Reading

Literacy ~ Unit 2


In Making Meaning, the students will use the reading strategies visualizing and making inferences. In this unit, the students visualize to make sense of the stories, poems, and nonfiction books we read. Visualizing is making mental images while reading. Readers might imagine sights, sounds, smells, tastes, sensations, and feelings. Visualizing helps readers understand, remember, and enjoy reading. The students learned that most stories are about characters, the problems they face, and how the characters deal with those problems. The students also made inferences about characters in books they heard and read independently. Readers make inferences when they use clues the author gives to infer things that are not stated directly in the story.

During IDR (Individualized Daily Reading), students practice visualizing and self-monitoring their reading comprehension. They will begin to confer with the teacher to discuss reading strategies.

The students continue to listen respectfully to the thinking of others and share their own.


In Being a Reader, we will use picture books to learn about the importance of looking carefully at words to help us read, write, and spell. The students are introduced to the "Spelling Sound Chart" as we review short vowels sounds. Through independent work and small group instruction, the students will identify and chart various work habits they need to develop in order to work effectively on their own.

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Written Expression: Unit 2~ Fiction Narratives
In Being A Writer, the students explore two ways to tell more in their stories: thinking and talking about what they might write before writing, and rereading and discussing their writing with others. The students also explore how professional authors tell more in their stories. the students explore fiction writing and learn that fiction authors make up stories that are imaginary or that could happen in real life. They will hear examples of fiction stories read aloud and will write several fiction pieces of their own. The students also explore using dialogue and writing about interesting things that might happen to characters. Then they each will select one of their drafts to take through the steps in the publishing process and share with the class from the Author’s Chair.